||HISTORY OF THE TOWN|
Hódmezővásárhely lies in the south-eastern part of the Great-plain, where the Békés-Csanádi ridge meets the sodic, clayey pastures of the Tisza region. Conditions favourable for a settlement formed on the border of the two different natural environments. Archaeologists have found traces of a six thousand year-old settlement close to the borders of the town. The layers of discovered remains suggest human life here practically unbroken over the thousands of years. The Neolithic dwellings can be reconstructed based on huts sunk into the ground, vessels for storing wheat, net-weights, the fertility symbol called ˝Kökénydombi Vénusz˝ as well as other treasures. Archaeological digs have also found relics from the copper, bronze and iron ages as well as from the migration period. Archaeological finds from the different ages which have come to the surface at different parts of the border can be seen at the permanent exhibition of the Tornyai János Museum.
At the end of the 8th century the settling Hungarians found mostly remnants of the nomadic population and of the agrarian and animal breeding Slavs who were escaping from the Bulgarians. According to the chronicle of Anonymous the clan of Ond and his son Ete settled here between the rivers Körös, Tisza and Maros.
Prior to the Mongol invasion 7 villages with churches existed in the area. After the devastation caused by the Mongols more villages were established but these later became victims of the Turkish invasion. The territories of these villages were later absorbed by Hódmezővásárhely as the town grew. Evidence of more than twenty villages and churches from the Middle-Ages has been found.